A common complaint seen at IDS clinic as it makes patients look more tired and older. Makeup can only temporarily conceal dark circles.
What causes eye bags?
The main causes are:
What causes dark circles?
With aging, comes the loss of collagen and elastin. The skin around the eyes is already delicate and thin to begin with. With aging, the skin becomes thinner, leaving the blood vessels beneath the skin to appear more visible and more pronounced. There is also bone resorption, loss and descend of fat tissues in the area of the under-eyes and cheeks, the resulting hollow creates a shadowing effect, which adds to the dark colour of the undereyes.
Lack of sleep, extreme fatigue, or continuous late nights can cause dark circles to develop. Sleep deprivation disrupts blood circulation and consequently reduces oxygen flow to the skin. This can cause your skin to become dull and pale. Unhealthy sleep patterns can also cause premature aging as well as water retention under the eyes or puffy eyelids, which can also cause shadows under the eyes to appear as dark circles.
An anatomical feature seen in most people is the tear troughs, which are natural depressions or hollowness which run from the inner corner of the eyes to the lower eyelid.
These get worse as we age, due to loss of collagen and fat tissue. The development of Eye bags and hyperpigmentation also worsens the look, making one look old and tired.
Allergies can cause congestion of the blood vessels of the under eye, making them more prominent. Consultation with patients complaining of dark eye circles often reveal an underlying history of chronic allergies (eg. allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinosinusitis or atopic eczema). Constant rubbing of our eyes can cause the lines to be more prominent and the skin to darken.
UV and Blue Light Exposure
Overexposure to the sun’s UV rays and blue light can cause an overproduction of melanin in the skin and cause a buildup of pigmentation, which in turn darken the skin. Blue light, also known as High Energy Visible Light (HEVL) can be found not only in the sun but also emitted from your computer, television and mobile device screens. This can also induce oxidative stress that accelerates skin aging.
There can be a family history of dark eye circles. This is common in South Asian ethnic descent.
There are various DIY remedies that many have touted as ‘effective’ to treat dark eye circles and eye bags. This includes applying cold compress, sliced cucumber, tea bags, milk etc on the eyes. However, let’s face it. If these really work, nobody will be paying big bucks for expensive eye creams and treatments. The most relevant home ‘remedy’ is actually lifestyle adjustments such as having regular and sufficient sleep, and to abstain from smoking and alcohol.
The main mode of action of topical treatment are:
Hence, at IDS, skincare for the eyes is a popular request. Our best sellers for eye remedies are:
IDS Eye Rescue (ER) contains powerful ingredients like zinc, magnesium, chrysin, palmitoyl tetrapeptide-1, palmitoyl tetrapeptide-7, hesperidinenetyl chalcone, dipeptide-2 that reduces fine lines and wrinkles, crow’s feet, under eye puffiness and darkness.
IDS C+ is helps to lighten pigmentation of the skin around the eyes and protects the skin against damage from the sunlight through its antioxidant action.
Surgery can be done to remove the fat pads under the eyes or reposition it. This is the definitive treatment for eye bags but the risk and downtime needs to be explained to the patient.
There are a few non-surgical options that one can consider for the treatment of dark eye circles. They are not definitive and as long-term as surgery but certainly have lower risk and no disruptions to one’s daily life.
Hyaluronic acid filler are inject to specific points around the eyes to:
This is an injection that administers PDRN or polynucleotide, extracted from salmon DNA. This rejuvenates the skin by improving tissue repair and collagen stiulation.
At IDS we use a combination of lasers to:
We use a combination of the superficial and deep tips to tighten the skin around the eyes (upper and lower eyelids). This is repeated yearly.
Agnes Microneedle Radiofrequency
Another radiofrequency treatment that is an alternative to eye bag surgery is the Agnes Microneedle Radiofrequency device. Small pinpoint needles are inserted into the fat pads under the eyes, delivering heat to melt the excess fat with RF energy.
Under Eye threads can be placed to increase collagen production. These PDO threads provide continuous stimulation of the skin which helps to increase the firmness and elasticity of the under eye.
At IDS we normally use a combination of treatment to tackle dark eye circles and eye bags. It is the synergistic action of all the treatments that give the optical result for patients.